The proteins in the 80S ribosomes of Drosophila melanogaster ovaries and adults have been characterized by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. When ribosomal proteins of ovaries and adults were compared with those from embryos, all 3 tissues showed a similar number of proteins. In addition, qualitatively, the electrophoretograms of proteins extracted from the ribosomes of these 3 tissues were found to be indistinguishable. However, apparent quantitative differences in certain acidic proteins were observed between tissues. Using ribosomes from embryos as a standard for comparison, ribosomes from adult flies that were more than 14 days old appeared to have relatively larger amounts of acidic proteins S7 and S9, and relatively smaller amounts of acidic proteins S14 and S25/S27. The transition period occurred during the ninth to thirteenth day of adult fly development. Significant differences were not detected between ovarian and embryonic acidic ribosomal proteins. In contrast to the differential ratio of acidic proteins in ovaries, adults, and embryos, a similar distribution of basic proteins was found in these tissues.