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Comparison of Expressive Spoken Language Skills in Children With Cochlear Implants and Children With Typical Hearing

Authors
  • Socher, Michaela
  • Ellis, Rachel J.
  • Wass, Malin
  • Lyxell, Björn
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01405
OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-168809
Source
DiVA - Academic Archive On-line
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

When children start formal education, they are expected to be able to express complex thoughts. However, in order to do so, they need to be able to use both complex grammatical structures and a variety of words. One group that is at risk of having a delay in terms of their expressive language ability is children with cochlear implants (CI). In this study, we evaluated whether children with CI perform comparably to children with typical hearing (TH) on a standard expressive spoken grammar and a standard expressive spoken vocabulary task when the groups were matched on non-verbal intelligence and working memory capacity. It was found that the children with CI in this study performed more poorly on a standard expressive spoken vocabulary task but not on a standard expressive spoken grammar task when compared to the children with TH. Differences in terms of expressive spoken vocabulary do not seem to be explained by differences in cognitive ability. In addition, the variation in terms of expressive spoken language ability was larger in the children with CI compared to the children with TH. This might be explained by additional confounding factors, like the time of language deprivation or by a greater influence of cognitive differences for the acquisition of spoken language for children with CI. / <p>Ytterligare forskningsfinansiär: European Union Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007–2013) under Grant Agreement FP7-607139 (iCARE)</p>

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