Affordable Access

Comparison of different methods for detecting carbohydrate-deficient transferrin.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
Publication Date
Volume
18
Issue
5
Pages
1150–1155
Identifiers
PMID: 7847598
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Different methods for detecting carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) were compared. In addition, their efficiency for detecting alcohol abuse among men not having clinical evidence of liver disease was studied in controls (n = 26), weekend (n = 16) and daily (n = 12) heavy drinkers, and alcoholics (n = 28). Comparisons were made between anion-exchange separation of iron-saturated transferrin (Tf) by microcolumns (CDTect) and by the Fast Protein Liquid Chromatography (FPLC% and FPLC-MG), followed by double-antibody radioimmunoassay of collected fractions. Tf fractions with pl > or = 5.7 were also measured by two different isoelectric focusing (IEF) methods, followed by immunofixation (SA-IEF-CDT and IEF-CDT-TOT), the latter method being used also for detection of asialotransferrin (IEF-CDT-AS). The cut-off was 20 units/liter for CDTect, 4.4% of total Tf for SA-IEF-CDT, and the mean +2 sd of the control group for FPLC-MG (as mg/liter of Tf), FPLC-%, IEF-CDT-TOT, and IEF-CDT-AS (all as percentage of Tf). The overall accuracies (combining sensitivity and specificity) for detecting heavy drinkers of CDTect, FPLO (mg/liter), FPLC (%), SA-IEF-CDT, IEF-CDT-TOT, and IEF-CDT-AS were 63%, 59%, 61%, 74%, 57%, and 63%, respectively; for detecting alcoholics, 87%, 83%, 81%, 89%, 37%, and 76%, respectively. In conclusion, the methods were in rather good agreement with each other. Diagnostic characteristics among heavy drinkers and correlations between methods differed slightly, probably depending on the ability of different methods to separate and detect asialo-, monosialo-, and disialotransferrin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Statistics

Seen <100 times