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Comparing contact and dipolar interaction in a Bose-Einstein condensate

Authors
  • Griesmaier, Axel
  • Stuhler, Jürgen
  • Koch, Tobias
  • Fattori, Marco
  • Pfau, Tilman
  • Giovanazzi, Stefano
Type
Published Article
Publication Date
Aug 07, 2006
Submission Date
Aug 07, 2006
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.250402
arXiv ID: cond-mat/0608171
Source
arXiv
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

We have measured the relative strength $\epsilon_dd$ of the magnetic dipole-dipole interaction compared to the contact interaction in a chromium Bose-Einstein condensate. We analyze the asymptotic velocities of expansion of a dipolar chromium BEC with different orientations of the atomic magnetic dipole moments. By comparing them with numerical solutions of the hydrodynamic equations for dipolar condensates, we are able to determine $\epsilon_dd = 0.159\pm0.034$ with high accuracy. Since the absolute strength of the dipole-dipole interaction is known exactly, the relative strength of the dipoledipole interaction can be used to determine the s-wave scattering length $a = 5.08\pm1.06\cdot10^-9 m = 96\pm20 a0$ of 52Cr. This is fully consistent with our previous measurements on the basis of Feshbach resonances.

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