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Comparative mutagenic and genotoxic effects of three antimalarial drugs, chloroquine, primaquine and amodiaquine.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Mutagenesis
Publication Date
Volume
13
Issue
6
Pages
619–624
Identifiers
PMID: 9862194
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Comparative mutagenic and genotoxic effects of three antimalarial drugs, chloroquine, primaquine and amodiaquine, were assessed in the Ames mutagenicity assay (in strains TA97a, TA100, TA102 and TA104) and in vivo sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and chromosome aberration (CA) assays in bone marrow cells of mice. These are the most commonly used antimalarial drugs available at present throughout the world. The results of the bacterial mutagenicity assays showed a very weak mutagenic effect of all three drugs in Salmonella strains TA97a and TA100 both with and without S9 mix and in TA104 only with S9 mix. The results of the in vivo SCE and CA assays indicate that these three drugs are genotoxic in bone marrow cells of mice.

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