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Comparative efficiency of microbial enzyme preparations versus pancreatin for in vitro alimentary protein digestion.

Authors
  • Andriamihaja, Mireille
  • Guillot, Alain
  • Svendsen, Allan
  • Hagedorn, Joerg
  • Rakotondratohanina, Sahondra
  • Tomé, Daniel
  • Blachier, François
Type
Published Article
Journal
Amino Acids
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2013
Volume
44
Issue
2
Pages
563–572
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00726-012-1373-0
PMID: 22965636
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Utilisation of microbial enzymes may represent an alternative strategy to the use of conventional pancreatin obtained from pig pancreas for the treatment of severe pancreatic insufficiency. In this study, we focused on the capacity of two microbial preparations for their capacity to digest alimentary proteins (caseins and soya proteins) in comparison with pancreatin. These microbial enzymatic preparations were found to be able to generate small, medium-size and larger polypeptides from caseins and soya proteins but were inactivated at pH 3.0. As determined by Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry analysis, microbial enzymes generated very different peptides from caseins when compared with peptides generated through pancreatin action. These microbial preparations were characterised by relatively low trypsin- and low carboxypeptidase-like activities but high chymotrypsin-like activities and strong capacity for cleavage of caseins at the methionine sites. Although the efficiency of these microbial preparations to increase the rate of absorption of nitrogen-containing compounds in severe pancreatic insufficiency remains to be tested in vivo, our in vitro data indicate proteolytic capacities of such preparations for alimentary protein digestion.

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