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Comparative efficacy of continuous infusion of bupivacaine/fentanyl and ropivacaine/fentanyl for paediatric pain control after the Ravitch procedure and thoracotomy. A prospective randomized study.

Authors
  • Tomaszek, Lucyna1
  • Fenikowski, Dariusz1
  • Gawron, Danuta1
  • Komotajtys, Halina1
  • 1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Institute for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Pediatric Division, Rabka-Zdroj, Poland. , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2019
Volume
163
Issue
4
Pages
366–373
Identifiers
DOI: 10.5507/bp.2018.072
PMID: 30451243
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

(1) To compare the efficacy of bupivacaine/fentanyl and ropivacaine/fentanyl for postoperative pain control (2). To identify the predictors of acute post-operative pain at rest, during deep breathing and coughing. The study was performed in patients aged 6-18 years after thoracic surgery. The subjects were randomized to the bupivacaine 0.125%/fentanyl 5.0 μg/mL (n=46) or ropivacaine 0.2%/fentanyl 5.0 μg/mL (n=48) group; analgesic mixtures were administered through epidural catheter. All the patients received paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The observation period after surgery lasted 72 h. Pain intensity was assessed at rest, during deep breathing and coughing and was based on the Numerical Rating Scale and the FLACC scale (range 0-10). If the pain was above 2/10, the analgesia was modified. Median pain scores at rest (0.4 vs. 0.5), during deep breathing (0.3 vs. 0.3) and coughing (0.6 vs. 0.6) were comparable in BF and RF group. The intensity of pain at rest was associated with the number of drains inserted into the thorax (β=0.39), the number of pain intensity measurements (β=0.36) and the number of nursing interventions undertaken to relieve pain (β=0.16). Pain intensity at rest determined the intensity of pain during deep breathing (β=0.60), which in turn decided on the severity of pain during coughing (β=0.80). The intensity of pain was increased by age. Thoracic epidural bupivacaine/fentanyl provided adequate pain relief and similar analgesia to ropivacaine/fentanyl. The effectiveness of analgesia depended on the number of pain measurements and interventions by nurses to relieve the pain. ClinicalTrials.gov; Multimodal Analgesia in Children and Adolescents After the Ravitch Procedure and Thoracotomy; NCT03444636; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03444636.

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