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[Comparative analysis of the regulation of vertical posture in athletes of different sports qualifications].

Authors
  • Mel'nikova, A A
  • Savin, A A
  • Emel'ianova, L V
  • Nikolaev, R Iu
  • Vikulov, A D
Type
Published Article
Journal
Fiziologiia cheloveka
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2011
Volume
37
Issue
5
Pages
113–119
Identifiers
PMID: 22117466
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The goal of study was to investigate the regulation of balance in athletes with different sports qualifications: masters of sport (MS, n=18) and candidates for master of sports (CMS, n=13). Balance examined by means of stabilographic complex ("Rhythm". Russia) in the static tests: in simple bipedal stance (BS) and squat positions (SQ), as well as in the dynamic tests: "Involute", evaluating the tracking movement and "Step input", assessing the reaction of the whole body on the visual-motor task. It was found that the MS with the same anthropometric data, PWC 170 and trunk power did not differ in linear and angular velocity of oscillations of the center of pressure (CP) in BS and SQ positions. MS had a relative dominance of low-frequency oscillations in the spectral analysis in the BS test with eyes open. In the test "Step input" MS had a lower latent period of reaction, a greater speed and an accuracy of the body motion forward and back in response to the step input signals, while they had a relative dominance of high frequency oscillations. Thus, the results showed that the masters of sport have improved postural regulation, which manifested itself mainly in the dynamic test on the speed and accuracy of the vertical body reaction to input visual signals.

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