Mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) exist in a naive, primed and ground state of pluripotency. While comparative analyses of these pluripotency states have been reported, the mESCs utilized originated from various genetic backgrounds and were derived in different laboratories. mESC derivation in conventional LIF + serum culture conditions is strain dependent, with different genetic backgrounds potentially affecting subsequent stem cell characteristics. In the present study, we performed a comprehensive characterization of naive, primed and ground state mESCs originating from the same genetic background within our laboratory, by comparing their transcriptional profiles. We showed unique transcriptional profiles for naive, primed and ground state mESCs. While naive and ground state mESCs have more similar but not identical profiles, primed state mESCs show a very distinct profile. We further demonstrate that the differentiation propensity of mESCs to specific germ layers is highly dependent on their respective state of pluripotency.