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Comparative analysis of functional diversity of rumen microbiome in bison and beef heifers

Authors
  • Nguyen, Thi Truc Minh
  • Badhan, Ajay Kumar
  • Reid, Ian D.
  • Ribeiro, Gabriel
  • Gruninger, Robert
  • Tsang, Adrian
  • Guan, Le Luo
  • McAllister, Tim
Type
Published Article
Journal
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Dec 06, 2023
Volume
89
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1128/aem.01320-23
Source
ASM Journals
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Ruminants play a key role in the conversion of cellulolytic plant material into high-quality meat and milk protein for humans. The rumen microbiome is the driver of this conversion, yet there is little information on how gene expression within the microbiome impacts the efficiency of this conversion process. The current study investigates gene expression in the rumen microbiome of beef heifers and bison and how transplantation of ruminal contents from bison to heifers alters gene expression. Understanding interactions between the host and the rumen microbiome is the key to developing informed approaches to rumen programming that will enhance production efficiency in ruminants.

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