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Comparability testing of a humanized monoclonal antibody (Synagis) to support cell line stability, process validation, and scale-up for manufacturing.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biologicals : journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
Publication Date
Volume
27
Issue
3
Pages
203–215
Identifiers
PMID: 10652176
Source
Medline

Abstract

Biochemical and functional testing of a humanized monoclonal antibody directed against Respiratory Syncytial Virus (Synagis) has been performed to evaluate cell line stability, support process validation, and to demonstrate "comparability" during the course of process development. Using a variety of analytical methods, product manufactured at different sites and in bioreactors from 20 litres to 10,000 litres was shown to be biochemically and functionally equivalent. The biochemical testing for microheterogeneity found on Synagis included evaluation of changes in post-translational modifications such as deamidation, truncation, and carbohydrate structure. Studies were also performed to support cell line stability assessment and cell culture process validation. Cell culture conditions were deliberately varied in an attempt to determine if this would have an impact on the microheterogeneity of the product. In these studies Synagis was produced from cells cultured beyond the population doublings achieved at the maximum manufacturing scale, under conditions of low glucose, and using harvest times outside of the historical manufacturing operating range. Results showed that there was a different pattern of glycosylation during the early stages of bioreactor culture. No other changes in microheterogeneity were apparent for the other culture conditions studied. In summary, comparability assessment demonstrated that the Synagis manufacturing process is robust and consistent resulting in a predictable and reproducible monoclonal antibody product.

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