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Common craniofacial anomalies: facial clefts and encephaloceles.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
0032-1052
Publisher
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Date
Volume
112
Issue
2
Identifiers
PMID: 12900623
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The wide variety of craniofacial malformations makes classification difficult. A simple classification system allows an overview of the current understanding of the causes, assessments, and treatments of the most frequently encountered craniofacial anomalies. Facial clefts and encephaloceles are reviewed with respect to their diverse causes, pathogenesis, anatomical features, and treatments. Approaches to the surgical treatment of these conditions are reviewed.

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