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Commensal Neisseria cinerea outer membrane vesicles as a platform for the delivery of meningococcal and gonococcal antigens to the immune system.

  • Piliou, Stavroula
  • Farman, Theo A
  • Marini, Arianna
  • Manoharan, Shathviga
  • Mastroeni, Pietro
Publication Date
Nov 18, 2023
Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
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An affordable, accessible, and broadly protective vaccine is required to tackle the re-occurring bacterial meningococcal epidemics in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as an effective control of multi-drug resistant strains of gonococcus. Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) secreted from Gram-negative bacteria represent an attractive platform for antigen delivery to the immune system and therefore for development of multi-component vaccines. In this study, we describe the generation of modified OMVs (mOMVs) from commensal biosafety-level 1 (BSL-1) Neisseria cinerea ATCC® 14685TM, which is phylogenetically close to the pathogenic bacteria Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. mOMVs were prepared from N. cinerea engineered to express heterologous antigens from N. meningitidis (factor H binding protein (fHbp) and Neisseria Heparin Binding Antigen (NHBA-2)) and from N. gonorrhoeae (NHBA-542). Mice immunised with the mOMVs produced antibodies against fHbp and NHBA. The work indicates that mOMV from N. cinerea can be used as a platform to induce immune responses against antigens involved in the protective immune response against meningococcal and gonococcal diseases.

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