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Cometary science. The organic-rich surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko as seen by VIRTIS/Rosetta.

Authors
  • Capaccioni, F
  • Coradini, A
  • Filacchione, G
  • Erard, S
  • Arnold, G
  • Drossart, P
  • De Sanctis, M C
  • Bockelee-Morvan, D
  • Capria, M T
  • Tosi, F
  • Leyrat, C
  • Schmitt, B
  • Quirico, E
  • Cerroni, P
  • Mennella, V
  • Raponi, A
  • Ciarniello, M
  • McCord, T
  • Moroz, L
  • Palomba, E
  • And 58 more
Type
Published Article
Journal
Science
Publisher
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Publication Date
Jan 23, 2015
Volume
347
Issue
6220
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa0628
PMID: 25613895
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The VIRTIS (Visible, Infrared and Thermal Imaging Spectrometer) instrument on board the Rosetta spacecraft has provided evidence of carbon-bearing compounds on the nucleus of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. The very low reflectance of the nucleus (normal albedo of 0.060 ± 0.003 at 0.55 micrometers), the spectral slopes in visible and infrared ranges (5 to 25 and 1.5 to 5% kÅ(-1)), and the broad absorption feature in the 2.9-to-3.6-micrometer range present across the entire illuminated surface are compatible with opaque minerals associated with nonvolatile organic macromolecular materials: a complex mixture of various types of carbon-hydrogen and/or oxygen-hydrogen chemical groups, with little contribution of nitrogen-hydrogen groups. In active areas, the changes in spectral slope and absorption feature width may suggest small amounts of water-ice. However, no ice-rich patches are observed, indicating a generally dehydrated nature for the surface currently illuminated by the Sun.

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