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Combined treatment with local thermo-chemotherapy for non muscle invasive bladder cancer. The present role in the light of acquired data and preliminary cumulative clinical experiences.

Authors
  • Colombo, Renzo
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia : organo ufficiale [di] Società italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica / Associazione ricerche in urologia
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2008
Volume
80
Issue
4
Pages
149–156
Identifiers
PMID: 19235431
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Many clinical trials confirmed that endovesical thermo-chemotherapy is a safe and effective treatment when used for both ablative and prophylaxis approaches to non muscle invasive bladder cancer. To date, patients suffering from multifocal and highly recurrent disease after chemotherapy and/or BCG seem to represent the most adequate indication. Further multicentric studies are certainly needed in order to define clinical outcomes and to assess the cost/effectiveness analysis at long term follow-up.

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