Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Combined Longitudinal Effect of Physical Activity and Screen Time on Food and Beverage Consumption in European Preschool Children: The ToyBox-Study

Authors
  • Miguel-Berges, María L.1, 2
  • Santaliestra-Pasias, Alba M.1, 2, 3, 4
  • Mouratidou, Theodora1
  • De Miguel-Etayo, Pilar1, 2, 4
  • Androutsos, Odysseas5
  • De Craemer, Marieke
  • Galcheva, Sonya
  • Koletzko, Berthold
  • Kulaga, Zbigniew
  • Manios, Yannis5
  • Moreno, Luis A.1, 2, 3, 4
  • 1 (L.A.M.)
  • 2 Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
  • 3 School of Health Science (EUCS), University of Zaragoza, C/Domingo Miral s/n, 50009 Saragossa, Spain
  • 4 Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
  • 5 (Y.M.)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nutrients
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
May 10, 2019
Volume
11
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/nu11051048
PMID: 31083368
PMCID: PMC6566350
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Lifestyle behavioral habits such as excess screen time (ST), a lack of physical activity (PA), and high energy-dense food consumption are associated with an increased risk of children being overweight or obese. This study aimed to (1) track longitudinal adherence to PA and ST recommendations at baseline (T0) and follow-up (T1) and (2) assess the association between changes in adherence to PA and ST recommendations and food and beverage consumption at follow-up. The present study included 2321 preschool children (3.5 to 6) participating in the multicenter ToyBox-study. A lineal mixed effects model was used to examine the association between different types of food and beverages and their relationship with changes in adherence to PA and ST recommendations. Approximately half of the children (50.4%) did not meet the PA and ST recommendations at both baseline and follow-up. However, only 0.6% of the sample met both PA and ST recommendations. Preschool children who met both recommendations consumed fewer fizzy drinks, juices, sweets, desserts, and salty snacks and consumed more water, fruits and vegetables, and dairy products than did those not meeting both recommendations. In conclusion, the proportion of European preschool children adhering to both PA and ST recommendations was very low and was associated with a low consumption of energy-dense foods.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times