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Combined Exercise and Cognitive Training System for Dementia Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Authors
  • Okamura, Hitoshi
  • Otani, Michiaki
  • Shimoyama, Naonori
  • Fujii, Takayuki
Type
Published Article
Journal
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Jul 23, 2018
Volume
45
Issue
5-6
Pages
318–325
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000490613
PMID: 30036871
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Background/Aims: We investigated the efficacy of a combined exercise and cognitive training system that we devised for improvement of attention and concentration, cognition, and activities of daily living in older adults with dementia. Methods: A total of 100 dementia patients were randomly assigned to an intervention group or a control group. The intervention group was subjected to a combined exercise and cognitive training for 6 consecutive weeks. Evaluations were performed using the Trail Making Test-Part A, the Mini-Mental State Examination, and an N-type activities of daily living evaluation scale for the elderly. Results: A comparison of the changes in scores on the evaluation scales between the intervention group and the control group showed significant interactions for all scores. Conclusions: The combined system is effective in increasing attention and concentration and improving cognitive function and activities of daily living in dementia patients.

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