The effects of combined biochar and double inhibitor application on gaseous nitrogen (N; nitrous oxide [N2O] and ammonia [NH3]) emissions and N leaching in paddy soils remain unclear. We investigated the effects of biochar application at different rates and double inhibitor application (hydroquinone [HQ] and dicyandiamide [DCD]) on NH3 and N2O emissions, N leaching, as well as rice yield in a paddy field, with eight treatments, including conventional urea N application at 280 kg N ha-1 (CN); reduced N application at 240 kg N ha-1 (RN); RN + 7.5 t ha-1 biochar (RNB1); RN + 15 t ha-1 biochar (RNB2); RN + HQ + DCD (RNI); RNB1 + HQ + DCD (RNIB1); RNB2 + HQ + DCD (RNIB2); and a control without N fertilizer. When compared with N leaching under RN, biochar application reduced total N leaching by 26.9-34.8% but stimulated NH3 emissions by 13.2-27.1%, mainly because of enhanced floodwater and soil NH4+-N concentrations and pH, and increased N2O emission by 7.7-21.2%, potentially due to increased soil NO3--N concentrations. Urease and nitrification inhibitor addition decreased NH3 and N2O emissions, and total N leaching by 20.1%, 21.5%, and 22.1%, respectively. Compared with RN, combined biochar (7.5 t ha-1) and double inhibitor application decreased NH3 and N2O emissions, with reductions of 24.3% and 14.6%, respectively, and reduced total N leaching by up to 45.4%. Biochar application alone or combined with double inhibitors enhanced N use efficiency from 26.2% (RN) to 44.7% (RNIB2). Conversely, double inhibitor application alone or combined with biochar enhanced rice yield and reduced yield-scaled N2O emissions. Our results suggest that double inhibitor application alone or combined with 7.5 t ha-1 biochar is an effective practice to mitigate NH3 and N2O emission and N leaching in paddy fields. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.