Improved attachment, adhesion and proliferation of the surrounding mature endothelial cells (ECs) and circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is of primary importance to realize the in situ rapid re-endothelialization of cardiovascular stents. To achieve this, a combinatorial coating of synthesized mussel adhesive polypeptide mimics as well as anti-CD34 antibody was constructed onto the devices through a novel adsorption method in this study. To immobilize the polypeptide and target antibody effectively, polycaprolactone (PCL) was first spin-coated onto the substrate as intermediate. The immobilization of polypeptide and antibody was confirmed by the changes of water contact angles and the attachment, growth of ECs and EPCs on the substrates, respectively. The results showed that after adhesive polypeptide or/and antibody immobilization, the hydrophilicity of coated PCL substrate (PCLS) was obviously improved. The amount of the immobilized antibody, determined by enzymelinked immunoassay (ELISA) method, was enhanced with the increase of antibody concentrations in the range from 5 to 25 mug/ml. The coatings after BSA blocking prevented the unspecific protein adsorption as monitored by fluorescent microscopy. The results of in vitro cell culture showed that compared with the PCLS, polypeptide/anti-CD34 antibody coating could effectively enhance the attachment, growth and adhesion of ECs and EPCs, in particular EPCs. A platelet adhesion experiment revealed that the blood compatibility of the PCLS after polypeptide/anti-CD34 antibody coating was also obviously improved. The results showed that the surface modification with adhesive polypeptide and anti-CD34 antibody will be a promising coating technique for the surface modification of the intravascular prostheses for rapid re-endothelialization.