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Color flow mapping to document normal pulmonary venous return in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension being considered for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Pediatrics
0022-3476
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
114
Issue
3
Pages
433–437
Identifiers
PMID: 2646415
Source
Medline

Abstract

This study investigated the value of color flow mapping in documenting normal pulmonary venous return in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension who were candidates for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Forty newborn infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension underwent conventional (two-dimensional and Doppler) echocardiography and color flow mapping. Of 25 candidates for ECMO therapy, 18 subsequently received it. Conventional echocardiography demonstrated normal pulmonary venous return in only 21 of the 40 patients. In all 40, however, color flow mapping demonstrated normal right and left pulmonary venous drainage entering the left atrium. In three other patients with total anomalous pulmonary venous return, conventional echocardiography demonstrated the anomalous pulmonary venous pathways, and color flow mapping did not show jets emanating from the left atrial wall; the left atrium was shown to fill exclusively from right to left shunting through the foramen ovale. We conclude that color flow mapping is superior to conventional echocardiography for verifying normal pulmonary venous return in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension.

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