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Colonization and local host response following intramammary Staphylococcus chromogenes challenge in dry cows

Authors
  • Beuckelaere, Lisa1
  • De Visscher, Anneleen1, 2
  • Souza, Fernando Nogueira3, 4
  • Meyer, Evelyne1
  • Haesebrouck, Freddy1
  • Piepers, Sofie1
  • De Vliegher, Sarne1
  • 1 Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, Merelbeke, 9820, Belgium , Merelbeke (Belgium)
  • 2 Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (ILVO), Technology and Food Science, Burgemeester Van Gansberghelaan 115 bus 1, Merelbeke, 9820, Belgium , Merelbeke (Belgium)
  • 3 Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, São Paulo, 05508-270, Brazil , São Paulo (Brazil)
  • 4 Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Areia, 58397-000, Brazil , Areia (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Veterinary Research
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Oct 28, 2021
Volume
52
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13567-021-01007-8
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Research Article
License
Green

Abstract

Although extensive research has been performed on bovine non-aureus staphylococci (NAS), several aspects such as bacteria-host interaction remain largely unstudied. Moreover, only a few mastitis pathogen challenge studies in cows have been conducted in the dry period, an important period that allows intramammary infection (IMI) to cure and new IMI to occur. We challenged 16 quarters of 4 Holstein Friesian cows at dry off with 100; 100 000 or 10 000 000 CFU of the udder-adapted S. chromogenes IM strain. Four quarters from one cow served as negative controls. Internally sealed quarters remained untouched, whereas non-sealed quarters were sampled 3 times during the dry period. After parturition, colostrum and daily milk samples were taken during the first week of lactation of all quarters. In total, 8 quarters appeared to be colonized, since S. chromogenes IM was recovered at least once during the experiment, as substantiated using Multilocus Sequence Typing. S. chromogenes IM shedding was highest in dry quarters inoculated with 10 000 000 CFU. Colonized quarters had the highest quarter somatic cell count (qSCC) in early lactation. Inoculated quarters (both colonized and non-colonized) had lower IL-6 and IL-10 concentrations in the dry period, whilst IFN-γ levels tended to be higher in colonized quarters compared to non-inoculated quarters. Also, IgG2 levels were higher in inoculated compared to non-inoculated quarters and the IgG2/IgG1 ratio was on average above 1. To conclude, we showed that dry quarters can be colonized with S. chromogenes IM, resulting in a shift towards a Th1 response in late gestation and early lactation characterised by an increased IgG2 concentration. However, further research is needed to confirm our findings.

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