One of the most intriguing problems in modern esophageal surgery is the acquired short esophagus. While some authors recognize this entity, others deny its existence. There is a consensus about types of the short esophagus, its etiology and pathophysiology. Definitive diagnosis can be established only intraoperatively. There are a few surgical procedures for this problem, and most frequently is used Collis gastroplasty with fundoplication. In this review we emphasize recent literature data and further perspectives of the Collis procedure.