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Collective transport in bilayer quantum Hall systems

  • Burkov, Anton A.
  • Joglekar, Yogesh N.
  • Rossi, Enrico
  • MacDonald, Allan H.
Published Article
Publication Date
Oct 30, 2003
Submission Date
Oct 30, 2003
DOI: 10.1016/j.physe.2003.11.207
arXiv ID: cond-mat/0310742
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Filling factor $\nu=1$ incompressible states in ideal bilayer quantum Hall systems have spontaneous interlayer phase coherence and can be regarded either as easy-plane pseudospin ferromagnets or as condensates of excitons formed from electrons in one layer and holes in the other layer. In this paper we discuss efforts to achieve an understanding of the two different types of transport measurements (which we refer to as drag and tunneling experiments respectively) that have been carried out in bilayer quantum Hall systems by the group of Jim Eisenstein at the California Institute of Technology. In a drag experiment, current is sent through one of the two-layers and the voltage drop is measured in the other layer. We will argue that the finding of these experiments that the voltage drop in the drag layer is different from that in the the drive layer, is an experimental proof that these bilayers do not have quasi-long-range excitonic order. The property that at $\nu=1$ the longitudinal drag voltage increases from near zero when spontaneous coherence is initially established, then falls back toward zero as it becomes well established, can be explained as a competition between the broken symmetry and the gap to which it gives rise. In the tunneling experiment, current is injected in one layer and removed from the other layer. The absence of quasi-long-range order likely explains the relatively small tunneling conductance per area found in the these measurements.

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