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Colistin-loaded aerosolizable particles for the treatment of bacterial respiratory infections

  • Landa, Guillermo
  • Alejo, Teresa
  • Sauzet, Theo
  • Laroche, Julian
  • Sebastian, Victor
  • Tewes, Frederic
  • Arruebo, Manuel
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2023
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2023.122732
OAI: oai:HAL:hal-04088066v1
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Compared to parenteral administration of colistin, its direct pulmonary administration can maximize lung drug deposition while reducing systemic adverse side effects and derived nephrotoxicity. Current pulmonary administration of colistin is carried out by the aerosolization of a prodrug, colistin methanesulfonate (CMS), which must be hydrolized to colistin in the lung to produce its bactericidal effect. However, this conversion is slow relative to the rate of absorption of CMS, and thus only 1.4 % (w/w) of the CMS dose is converted to colistin in the lungs of patients receiving inhaled CMS. We synthesized several aerosolizable nanoparticle carriers loaded with colistin using different techniques and selected particles with sufficient drug loading and adequate aerodynamic behavior to efficiently deliver colistin to the entire lung. Specifically, we carried out (i) the encapsulation of colistin by single emulsion-solvent evaporation with immiscible solvents using polylactic-co-glycolic (PLGA) nanoparticles; (ii) its encapsulation using nanoprecipitation with miscible solvents using poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) as encapsulating matrix; (iii) colistin nanoprecipitation using the antisolvent precipitation method and its subsequent encapsulation within PLGA nanoparticles; and (iv) colistin encapsulation within PLGA-based microparticles using electrospraying. Nanoprecipitation of pure colistin using antisolvent precipitation showed the highest drug loading (55.0 ± 4.8 wt%) and spontaneously formed aggregates with adequate aerodynamic diameter (between 3 and 5 μm) to potentially reach the entire lung. These nanoparticles were able to completely eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa in an in vitro lung biofilm model at 10 µg/mL (MBC). This formulation could be a promising alternative for the treatment of pulmonary infections improving lung deposition and, therefore, the efficacy of aerosolized antibiotics.

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