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Cohort research analysis of disaster experience, preparedness, and competency-based training among nurses.

Authors
  • Goniewicz, Krzysztof1
  • Goniewicz, Mariusz2
  • Burkle, Frederick M3
  • Khorram-Manesh, Amir4, 5
  • 1 Department of Aviation Security, Military University of Aviation, Dęblin, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 3 Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States of America. , (United States)
  • 4 Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 5 Department of Development and Research, Armed Forces Center for Defense Medicine, Gothenburg, Västra Frölunda, Sweden. , (Sweden)
Type
Published Article
Journal
PLoS ONE
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Volume
16
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0244488
PMID: 33417601
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

It is expected that in unforeseen situations, nurses will provide appropriate medical interventions, using their expertise and skills to reduce the risks associated with the consequences of disasters. Consequently, it is crucial that they are properly prepared to respond to such difficult circumstances. This study aimed to identify the factors influencing the basic competences of nurses in disasters. The survey was directed to 468 nurses from all medical centres in Lublin. IBM SPSS Statistics version 23 was used for statistical analyses, frequency analysis, basic descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis. The classical statistical significance level was adopted as α = 0.05. Based on the logistic regression analysis, it was found that work experience, workplace preparedness, as well as training and experience in disaster response are important predictors of preparedness. These findings indicate that the nurses' core competencies for these incidents can be improved through education and training programmes which increase their preparedness for disasters. Nurses are among the most important groups of healthcare professionals facing a disaster and should be involved in all phases of disaster management, such as risk assessment and pre-disaster planning, response during crisis situations and risks' mitigation throughout the reconstruction period.

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