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Cognitive gender differences in very young children parallel biologically based cognitive gender differences in monkeys.

Authors
  • Overman, W H
  • Bachevalier, J
  • Schuhmann, E
  • Ryan, P
Type
Published Article
Journal
Behavioral neuroscience
Publication Date
Aug 01, 1996
Volume
110
Issue
4
Pages
673–684
Identifiers
PMID: 8864260
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Infant humans were trained on 2 cognitive tests that have previously revealed, in infant monkeys, a double dissociation that was reversible by perinatal manipulations of androgens and ablations of specific brain sites. Children showed the same sex-linked behavior found with infant monkeys: young boys were superior on the object reversal task and young girls were superior on the concurrent discrimination task. As happened previously with infant monkeys, the gender difference was not apparent in older human subjects. Thus, early in ontogeny, cognitive gender differences have now been discovered in both humans and monkeys, probably a result of gender differences in androgens that influence the maturation rate of specific brain systems.

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