The cyt1Aa gene of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis and binary toxin gene of Bacillus sphaericus C3-41 were introduced into an acrystalliferous strain of B. thuringiensis independently and in combination by using shuttle vector pBU4. SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis proved that cyt1Aa and binary toxin genes coexpressed during the sporulation of the recombinant. Transformant strain expressing the Cyt1Aa and binary toxin proteins in combination was more toxic to susceptible and resistant Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus than the transformants expressing Cyt1Aa protein or binary toxin proteins independently. It was suggested that large amount of production of Cyt1Aa protein and binary toxin proteins possibly interacted synergistically, thereby increasing its mosquitocidal toxicity significantly.