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Coexpression of CD14 and CD326 discriminate hepatic precursors in the human fetal liver.

Authors
  • Fomin, Marina E
  • Tai, Lung-Kuo
  • Bárcena, Alicia
  • Muench, Marcus O
Type
Published Article
Journal
Stem Cells and Development
Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2011
Volume
20
Issue
7
Pages
1247–1257
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1089/scd.2010.0218
PMID: 20964518
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The molecular and cellular profile of liver cells during early human development is incomplete, complicating the isolation and study of hepatocytes, cholangiocytes, and hepatic stem cells from the complex amalgam of hepatic and hematopoietic cells, that is, the fetal liver. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule, CD326, has emerged as a marker of hepatic stem cells, and lipopolysaccharide receptor CD14 is known to be expressed on adult hepatocytes. Using flow cytometry, we studied the breadth of CD326 and CD14 expression in midgestation liver. Both CD45(+) hematopoietic and CD45(-) nonhematopoietic cells expressed CD326. Moreover, diverse cell types expressing CD326 were revealed among CD45(-) cells by costaining for CD14. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting was used to isolate nonhematopoietic cells distinguished by expression of high levels of CD326 and low CD14 (CD326(++)CD14(lo)), which were characterized for gene expression associated with liver development. CD326(++)CD14(lo) cells expressed the genes albumin, α-fetoprotein, hepatic nuclear factor 3α, prospero-related homeobox 1, cytochrome P450 3A7, α(1)-antitrypsin, and transferrin. Proteins expressed included cell-surface CD24, CD26, CD29, CD34, CD49f, CD243, and CD324 and, in the cytoplasm, cytokeratins-7/8 (CAM 5.2 antigen) and some cytokeratin-19. Cultured CD326(++)CD14(lo) cells yielded albumin(+) hepatocytes, cytokeratin-19(+) cholangiocytes, and hepatoblasts expressing both markers. Using epifluorescence microscopy we observed CD326 and CD14 expression on fetal hepatocytes comprising the liver parenchyma, as well as on cells associated with ductal plates and surrounding large vessels. These findings indicate that expression of CD14 and CD326 can be used to identify functionally distinct subsets of fetal liver cells, including CD326(++)CD14(lo) cells, representing a mixture of parenchymal cells, cholangiocytes, and hepatoblasts.

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