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Coexistence of total internal reflexion and bandgap modes in solid core photonic bandgap fibre with intersticial air holes.

Authors
  • Perrin, Mathias
  • Quiquempois, Yves
  • Bouwmans, Géraud
  • Douay, Marc
Type
Published Article
Journal
Optics Express
Publisher
The Optical Society
Publication Date
Oct 17, 2007
Volume
15
Issue
21
Pages
13783–13795
Identifiers
PMID: 19550649
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In this article, we deal with new properties of a Solid Core Photonic Bandgap (SC-PBGF) fiber with intersticial air holes (IAHs) in its transverse structure. It has been shown recently, that IAH enlarges its bandgaps (BG), compared to what is observed in a regular SC-PBGF. We shall describe the mechanisms that account for this BG opening, which has not been explained in detail yet. It is then interesting to discuss the role of air holes in the modification of the Bloch modes, at the boundaries of the BG. In particular, we will use a simple method to compute the exact BG diagrams in a faster way, than what is done usually, drawing some parallels between structured fibers and physics of photonic crystals. The very peculiar influence of IAHs on the upper/lower boundaries of the bandgaps will be explained thanks to the difference between mode profiles excited on both boundaries, and linked to the symmetry / asymmetry of the modes. We will observe a modification of the highest index band (n(FSM)) due to IAHs, that will enable us to propose a fiber design to guide by Total Internal Reflection (TIR) effect, as well as by a more common BG confinement. The transmission zone is deeply enlarged, compared to regular photonic bandgap fibers, and consists in the juxtaposition of (almost non overlapping) BG guiding zones and TIR zone.

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