Isoaccepting lysyl-tRNAs from virus-transformed cells in culture were fractionated in the RPC-5 system into peaks 1, 2, 4, 5a, 5, and 6. tRNALys6 previously was found predominantly associated with transformed cells. The codon response of each peak was determined in an E. coli ribosomal binding assay. tRNALys1, tRNALys2, and tRNALys4 are highly specific for the 5'AAG3' codon. tRNALys5 and tRNALys5a preferentially bind in response to AAA. tRNALys6 binds in response to AAA 3-fold better than in response to AAG. The presence of thiolated nucleosides in the anticodon regions of tRNALys5a, tRNALys5, and tRNALys6 is indicated by I2-inactivation of aminoacylation ability with no effect on the other is isoacceptors. Functional abilities of the isoacceptors were compared in a wheat germ translational system with tobacco mosaic virus RNA as messenger. All of the isoacceptors function about equally well in translation except for tRNALys6, which is only 14 to 24% as effective as the other isoacceptors.