Taking antibiotics for most remains the main risk factor for suffering from symptomatic CDI. With the introduction of Fidaxomicin there is hope for an improvement in the conservative treatment of CDI. Stool transplants from healthy donors are now considered to be better than giving antibiotics for severe CDI, but this treatment has not found broad acceptance yet. In cases with a lack of early treatment success, the surgeon must be consulted. Here, the evidence for preferably colon-saving surgical procedures is so far unfortunately low.