Post-transcriptional regulation makes an important contribution to adjusting the transcriptome to environmental changes in plants. RNA-binding proteins are key players that interact specifically with mRNAs to co-ordinate their fate. While the regulatory interactions between proteins and RNA are well understood in animals, until recently little information was available on the global binding landscape of RNA-binding proteins in higher plants. This is not least due to technical challenges in plants. In turn, while numerous RNA-binding proteins have been identified through mutant analysis and homology-based searches in plants, only recently a full compendium of proteins with RNA-binding activity has been experimentally determined for the reference plant Arabidopsis thaliana. State-of-the-art techniques to determine RNA-protein interactions genome-wide in animals are based on the covalent fixation of RNA and protein in vivo by UV light. This has only recently been successfully applied to plants. Here, we present practical considerations on the application of UV irradiation based methods to comprehensively determine in vivo RNA-protein interactions in Arabidopsis thaliana, focussing on individual nucleotide resolution crosslinking immunoprecipitation (iCLIP) and mRNA interactome capture. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.