We intended to review the clinical features and histological findings of eyelid lesions in Sri Lanka. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study to analyse clinicopathological characteristics of eyelid lesions from 2013 to 2017 in the National Eye Hospital of Sri Lanka. The age of patients ranged from 3 months to 83 years (mean = 46 ± 21 years). The male-to-female ratio in the sample was 1:1.3. Among 654 histologically confirmed eyelid lesions, the majority (n = 407/654, 62%) were neoplastic lesions including 322 benign, 11 premalignant and 74 malignant neoplasms. The commonest benign tumour was seborrheic keratosis (n = 98), and the commonest non-neoplastic lesion was pyogenic granuloma (n = 64). Seventy-four patients had malignant neoplasia including 24 sebaceous carcinoma, 18 basal cell carcinoma, and 14 squamous cell carcinoma. The most common site of malignant lesions was the upper eyelid. The mean age of patients with malignant eyelid lesions was 64 ± 13 years. Neoplastic lesions outnumbered nonneoplastic lesions, while benign neoplasia was more common than malignant neoplasia. In contrast to the western reports, the commonest malignant neoplasm was sebaceous carcinoma. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.