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Clinical Usefulness of the HFA-PEFF Diagnostic Scoring System in Identifying Late Elderly Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction Patients.

Authors
  • Seo, Yoshihiro1
  • Ishizu, Tomoko2
  • Ieda, Masaki2
  • Ohte, Nobuyuki1
  • 1 Department of Cardiology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences.
  • 2 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Publication Date
Apr 23, 2021
Volume
85
Issue
5
Pages
604–611
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1253/circj.CJ-20-0784
PMID: 33250499
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Diagnosis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains challenging in elderly. This study investigated the diagnostic ability of the HFA-PEFF scoring system in elderly patients (>75 years of age).Methods and Results:This study enrolled 286 subjects aged >75 years (130 men; mean [± SD] age 81.5±5.1 years): 95 healthy controls, 98 with hypertension (HT), and 93 with HFpEF. The HFA-PEFF score was calculated as a sum of points in functional, morphological, and biomarker domains. In the HFpEF group, 84%, 84%, and 70% of subjects met the major functional, morphological, and biomarker criteria for HFpEF, respectively. Thus, 73 subjects with HFpEF (78%) were diagnosed as having HFpEF using the HFA-PEFF scoring system. In contrast, among the healthy controls and subjects with HT, 52% and 72%, respectively, met the major functional criteria for HFpEF, 28% and 53%, respectively, met the morphological criteria, and 0% and 24%, respectively, met the biomarker criteria. As such, 32 subjects with HT (33%) were diagnosed with HFpEF. Even in the healthy control group, 72% were classified as having an intermediate probability of HFpEF, and 3 were diagnosed with HFpEF. In the late elderly, the HFA-PEFF scoring system diagnosed subjects with HFpEF precisely. In addition, this scoring system may be able to detect early stage HFpEF in the subclinical population.

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