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Clinical trial recruitment of adult African American smokers from economically disadvantaged urban communities.

Authors
  • Horn, Kimberly1
  • Kuprewicz, Robin M2
  • Patterson, Katrin3
  • Kaufman, Jessica4
  • Murugesan, Usha5
  • Martinez, Diane J6
  • Krebs, Nicolle M7
  • Muscat, Joshua E7
  • 1 Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, Roanoke, Virginia.
  • 2 Georgetown University, Washington, DC.
  • 3 Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, Arlington, Virginia.
  • 4 Mary's Center, Washington, DC.
  • 5 University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 6 Truven Health Analytics, an IBM Company, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • 7 Penn State Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, Hershey, Pennsylvania.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
19
Issue
1
Pages
133–150
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/15332640.2018.1489746
PMID: 30265848
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This investigation evaluated the effectiveness and challenges of multiple recruitment methods, described as proactive, reactive, and combination methods, among adult African American smokers (N = 527) from economically disadvantaged urban communities enrolled to test progressively reduced nicotine content investigational cigarettes. The study evaluated success using descriptive statistics to measure the volume of phone calls and percentage of eligible participants per method. Reactive and combination strategies effectively prompted participants to call about the study. Combination methods yielded the highest eligibility rates. Findings demonstrate the unique recruitment successes within this population across a range of recruitment methods and may inform improved methods to recruit and engage African Americans in clinical trials.

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