The specific features of contingents of patients with respiratory tuberculosis were studied during the sanatorium-stage treatment in 2004-2005. Out of 317 patients (57.4% females and 42.6% males), 70.7% of the patients aged under 45 years; the females were more frequently observed to have focal forms of the disease whereas the males had infiltrative forms and were more frequently operated on for tuberculosis. 27.1% of the patients (more commonly males) had underweight (more than 10 kg body weight deficiency); 36.3% were unemployed; the women's social status was higher than the men's; 72.5% of the patients had comorbidity. Drug intolerability was observed in 21.8% of the patients and 20.5% did not complete treatment. The above features complicate a rehabilitative process and require a significant correction of the treatment recommended by dispensaries, as well as additional therapeutic and diagnostic measures.