Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Clinical and prognostic significance of BRAF V600E mutation in non-metastatic cutaneous melanoma patients.

Authors
  • Tas, F1
  • Erturk, K1
  • 1 Department of Medical Oncology, Institute of Oncology, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey. , (Turkey)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Neoplasma
Publication Date
Jul 23, 2019
Volume
66
Issue
4
Pages
631–636
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4149/neo_2018_181006N740
PMID: 31058533
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Because of the conflicting conclusions on BRAF mutations in the natural course of non-metastatic melanoma their prognostic significance is still controversial. The present study aims to assess the prevalence and prognostic significance of BRAF V600E mutation and apprehend its association with clinicopathologic features in stage I to III Turkish melanoma patients. A total of 93 adult stages I to III cutaneous primary melanoma patients were included in the study. BRAF V600E mutation was detected using the Real Time PCR. Median age was 52 years (range, 18 to 84) and 68.8% of the patients were men. Overall, BRAF V600E mutation was detected in 46.2% (43/93) of the patients. In stages I and II, trunk was the most frequently affected localization (47.1%) (p=0.05) and regression was found more prevalent in BRAF-mutant patients (38.5%) (p=0.05). Furthermore, males were predominant among stage III BRAF-mutant patients (80.8%) (p=0.05), and both superficially spreading histology subtype (45.0%) (p=0.05) and lower mitotic rate (36.4%) (p=0.02) also were more commonly associated with stage III BRAF-mutant patients. A significantly favorable relapse free survival was found in stage III node-positive BRAF-mutant patients (p=0.02), on the other hand BRAF status was not found to be associated with relapse free survival in stage I and stage II patients (p=0.3). Moreover, there was no overall survival association between stages and BRAF status (p=0.1 and p=0.2). In conclusion, there is no prognostic value of BRAF V600E mutation on overall survival in stage I-III melanoma patients, yet its presence might indicate a decreased risk for development of relapse and/or metastasis in stage III melanoma patients.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times