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Clinical observations of ghetto four-year-olds: Organization, involvement, interpersonal responsiveness, and psychosexual content of play.

Authors
  • Borowitz, G H
  • Costello, J
  • Hirsch, J G
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of youth and adolescence
Publication Date
Mar 01, 1972
Volume
1
Issue
1
Pages
59–79
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/BF01537064
PMID: 24415204
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study attempted to refine the assessment of the effectance of four-year-old children through observation of their play. Two scales were developed; the first scale defined organization, involvement, and interpersonal responsiveness in play, and the second operationally defined psychosexual content of play. The validity and reliability of both scales and the inter correlations among the four major variables were explored. The results confirmed the validity and reliability of the instruments as measures of the children's effectance and important indicators of a child's capacity as a learner at age four.

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