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Clinical Evidence and Biomarkers Linking Allergy and Acute or Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Children: a Systematic Review

Authors
  • De Corso, Eugenio1, 2
  • Lucidi, Daniela3
  • Cantone, Elena4
  • Ottaviano, Giancarlo5
  • Di Cesare, Tiziana1
  • Seccia, Veronica6
  • Paludetti, Gaetano1
  • Galli, Jacopo1
  • 1 Fondazione policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy , Rome (Italy)
  • 2 Catholic University School of Medicine and Surgery, Largo A. Gemelli n.1, Rome, 00168, Italy , Rome (Italy)
  • 3 University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy , Modena (Italy)
  • 4 ENT section, University “Federico II”, Naples, Italy , Naples (Italy)
  • 5 University of Padova, Padova, Italy , Padova (Italy)
  • 6 University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy , Pisa (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Sep 05, 2020
Volume
20
Issue
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11882-020-00967-9
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
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Abstract

Purpose of the ReviewWe provide a systematic review of experimental and clinical evidences linking allergy to acute, including common cold, and chronic rhinosinusitis in children. Furthermore, we questioned if anti-allergy treatment may prevent the occurrence of rhinosinusitis or improve outcomes of its specific management.Recent FindingsAllergic rhinitis is a common childhood disease in industrialized countries that is responsible for a major impact on quality of life and healthcare resources. Over the years many authors tried to correlate allergy with comorbidities and in particular to the onset of rhinosinusitis including common cold, even though conflicting results are frequently reached. We performed a systematic review in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) process. Our search yielded 7103 that were finally screened. This resulted in 25 publications of which the full texts were assessed and included in a qualitative analysis per different phenotypes of rhinosinusitis.SummaryThe evidence suggests that allergy may lead to overall impairment of mechanical and immunological defense function of the nasal mucosa against viruses and that anti-allergy treatment may significantly decrease the number and severity of upper respiratory tract infections including common colds in children. It was not possible to perform the analysis for allergy and post-viral acute rhinosinusitis, bacterial acute rhinosinusitis, and recurrent acute rhinosinusitis because of paucity and heterogeneity of data. Although there is no definitive proof of causation linking allergy to chronic rhinosinusitis, studies lead to suppose that anti-allergy treatment may improve outcomes of specific CRS treatments.

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