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The clinical characteristics of systemic lupus erythematosus patients in Indonesia: a cohort registry from an Indonesia-based tertiary referral hospital.

Authors
  • Hamijoyo, L1, 2
  • Candrianita, S2
  • Rahmadi, A R1
  • Dewi, S1, 2
  • Darmawan, G2
  • Suryajaya, B S2
  • Rainy, N R2
  • Hidayat, I I2
  • Moenardi, V N2
  • Wachjudi, R G1, 2
  • 1 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Padjadjaran, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. , (Indonesia)
  • 2 Immunology Study Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia. , (Indonesia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Lupus
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2019
Volume
28
Issue
13
Pages
1604–1609
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0961203319878499
PMID: 31566078
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To date, no national epidemiological data of systemic lupus erythematosus are available in Indonesia. We aimed to demonstrate clinical characteristics of systemic lupus erythematosus patients of the Dr Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, one of Indonesia's top tertiary-referral hospitals. We reviewed retrospective cohort data from the Hasan Sadikin Lupus Registry, which was created in January 2016. Initial retrospective data were collected from the medical records of systemic lupus erythematosus patients from 2008 to 2015 and enhanced the cohort data from January 2016 to December 2017. The records were analysed for age, sex, clinical manifestations, comorbidity, treatment and outcome. Of 813 patients, 95.6% were females. Mean age at diagnosis was 27.7 ± 9.4 years, with a mean disease duration of 76.5 ± 53.1 months. Major clinical manifestations were arthritis (75.5%) and malar rash (68.3%). The majority of patients received steroid treatment, beside chloroquine and azathioprine. In total, 93 patients (11.4%) developed tuberculosis, 522 patients (64.2%) had routine follow-up and 66 patients (8.1%) died. Infection was the most common cause of death (36.4%). Arthritis and malar rash were the most commonly encountered clinical manifestations in the Hasan Sadikin Lupus Registry. Tuberculosis incidence in systemic lupus erythematosus patients was high, as was the mortality rate of lupus.

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