Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is a technique that allows genome wide screening of gains and losses in DNA copy number. In cases where multiple tumors are encountered, this genetic technique may prove useful in differentiating new primary tumors from recurrences. In this case report, we used array-based CGH to examine the genomic relationships among two leiomyosarcomas and two breast cancers in the same patient, three of which were diagnosed synchronously. Array-based CGH was performed on the four tumor samples using random prime amplified microdissected DNA. Samples were hybridized onto bacterial artificial chromosome arrays composed of approximately 2400 clones. Patterns of alterations within the tumors were compared and genetic alterations among the leiomyosarcomas and breast lesions were found. Overall, three distinct genetic profiles were observed. While the two leiomyosarcomas shared a similar pattern of genetic alterations, the two invasive breast lesions did not. The nearly identical pattern of genetic alterations belonging to the two metachronous leiomyosarcomas confirmed metastatic recurrence while the two different genetic profiles of the invasive ductal carcinomas suggest that the two lesions represented two distinct foci of multifocal disease rather than clonal extension of the primary tumor. We conclude that genetic analysis by array-based CGH can clearly elucidate the relationships between multiple tumors and may potentially serve as an important clinical tool.