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Climatic and diurnal variation in suicide attempts in the ED.

Authors
  • Doganay, Zahide
  • Sunter, A Tevfik
  • Guz, Hatice
  • Ozkan, Aysen
  • Altintop, Levent
  • Kati, Celal
  • Colak, Esra
  • Aygun, Dursun
  • Guven, Hakan
Type
Published Article
Journal
The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2003
Volume
21
Issue
4
Pages
271–275
Identifiers
PMID: 12898481
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a relationship between climatic factors and suicidal behavior. A total of 1,119 suicide attempts were collected from hospital records between 1996 and 2001. A clear seasonal variation was seen in suicide attempts in the 15-24, 25-34, and over 65 age groups in men and in the 15-24, 25-34, and 35-44 age groups in women with peaks in the spring and summer. Suicide attempts were more frequent between the hours of 6:00-9:00 pm in males and 3:00-6:00 pm in females. People attempting suicide who have depression, anxiety, or a psychotic disorder usually attempt suicide in the summer. Whereas the monthly averages of humidity, ambient temperature, duration and intensity of sunlight were positively correlated with the number of monthly suicide attempts, cloudiness and atmospheric pressure were negatively correlated. In conclusion, we must keep in mind that suicides and suicide attempts are not only the effect of climatic changes and that the most important component is the individual's ability to deal with conflicts.

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