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Climate Change and Health

Authors
  • Ebi, K.L.
Type
Book
Journal
Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Five-Volume Set
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2011
Pages
680–689
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-52272-6.00165-3
ISBN: 978-0-444-52272-6
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Climate change is one of several large-scale environmental changes to which human activities make a significant contribution, and that, in turn, affects human health and well-being. Over the past decade, the fact that emissions of greenhouse gases due to human activities are affecting the world's climate has become clear. In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded: “warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level.” In addition: “most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-twentieth century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations.” These changes have begun to affect morbidity and mortality worldwide, with projections suggesting that overall health burdens will increase with increasing climate change. Although all countries are projected to experience increased health risks, those at greatest risk include the urban poor, older adults, children, traditional societies, subsistence farmers, and coastal populations, particularly in low-income countries.

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