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[Cleavage of amide bond during glycopeptide enrichment using wheat germ agglutinin affinity chromatography].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography / Zhongguo hua xue hui
Publication Date
Volume
27
Issue
1
Pages
19–23
Identifiers
PMID: 19449534
Source
Medline

Abstract

As one of the most important post-translational modifications (PTMs), glycosylation has a significant effect on the structure and functions of proteins. One of the important tools for glycoprotein research is lectins, which are known to have the ability to bind specific oligosaccharide moieties. Many different pure lectins are commercially available in an immobilized form suitable for glycoprotein purification, in which, wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) is the most popular one for its broad binding ability for different glycans. Lectins are usually used for the enrichment of glycoproteins or glycopeptides. In our research, the amide bind of peptides, including glycopeptides, can be cleavaged when the peptide mixture passes through the lectin column, which will lead a failure in sequent identification. Four standard proteins were used to verify this phenomenon and the peptide degradation was confirmed. The cleavage can occur at many positions, but more inclined to the C-terminal of the peptides with the amino acid residual of phenylalanine (Phe), leucine (Leu) and tyrosine (Tyr). From this result, we first revealed the problem existed in the affinity separation strategy of glycopeptides using WGA in proteomics research very popularly and suggested that using partial or no enzyme digestion database searching parameter would be more suitable for glycopeptides identification after WGA enrichment.

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