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CHMP4C Disruption Sensitizes the Human Lung Cancer Cells to Irradiation.

Authors
  • Li, Kang1
  • Liu, Jianxiang2
  • Tian, Mei3
  • Gao, Gang4
  • Qi, Xuesong5
  • Pan, Yan6
  • Ruan, Jianlei7
  • Liu, Chunxu8
  • Su, Xu9
  • 1 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 2 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 3 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 4 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 5 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 6 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 7 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 8 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 9 Key Laboratory of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Emergency, China CDC, National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Xinkang Street, Dewai, Beijing 10088, China. [email protected] , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Dec 24, 2015
Volume
17
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ijms17010018
PMID: 26712741
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Human lung cancer is highly invasive and the most malignant among human tumors. Adenocarcinoma as a specific type of non-small cell lung cancer occurs with high frequency and is also highly resistant to radiation therapy. Thus, how to avoid radiation resistance and improve radiotherapy effectiveness is a crucial question. In the present study, human lung cancer A549 and H1299 cells were irradiated using γ-rays from a Co60 irradiator. Protein expression was detected by Western blotting. Cell cycle and apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry. Surviving fraction was determined by colony formation assay. γH2AX and 53BP1 foci formation were examined by fluorescence microscopy. In the results, we show that CHMP4C, a subunit of Endosomal sorting complex-III (ESCRT-III), is involved in radiation-induced cellular response. Radiation-induced Aurora B expression enhances CHMP4C phosphorylation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, maintaining cell cycle check-point and cellular viability as well as resisting apoptosis. CHMP4C depletion enhances cellular sensitivity to radiation, delays S-phase of cell cycle and reduces ionizing radiation (IR)-induced γH2AX foci formation. We found that Aurora B targets CHMP4C and inhibition of Aurora B exhibits similar effects with silencing of CHMP4C in radioresistance. We also confirm that CHMP4C phosphorylation is elevated after IR both in p53-positive and-negative cells, indicating that the close correlation between CHMP4C and Aurora B signaling pathway in mediating radiation resistance is not p53 dependent. Together, our work establishes a new function of CHMP4C in radiation resistance, which will offer a potential strategy for non-small cell lung cancer by disrupting CHMP4C.

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