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Citizen participation dilemmas in water governance: An empirical case of Kumasi, Ghana.

Authors
  • Odei Erdiaw-Kwasie, Michael1
  • Abunyewah, Matthew2
  • Edusei, Joseph3
  • Buernor Alimo, Emmanuel4
  • 1 Institute for Resilient Regions, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 2 School of Architecture and Built Environment, University of Newcastle, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 3 Centre for Settlement Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Ghana. , (Ghana)
  • 4 Department of Planning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Ghana. , (Ghana)
Type
Published Article
Journal
World development perspectives
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2020
Volume
20
Pages
100242–100242
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.wdp.2020.100242
PMID: 32835138
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Citizen participation in decision-making on water-related initiatives offers a valuable pathway to move towards a more equitable and sustainable water delivery, now and into the future. However, given the acknowledged impacts of active citizen participation in the water governance process, there is an increase institutional search for ideal approaches to enhance local inputs in water decisions. To enhance institutional knowledge on this quest, this paper adopts a qualitative exploratory method using 48 interviews and 2 focus group discussions (6 participants in each group) to present an empirical case of Kumasi in Ghana. Findings from the study show that citizens are willing to participate in decision-making on water-related process through radio programs; public meetings; surveys or polls and telephone. It was also realised that Ghana Water Company focuses more on the technical aspect of water delivery than the social aspect which borders on appropriate engagement strategies that involve customers in the decision-making process. The results imply a significant difference regarding feasibility and outcomes for each currently deployed participatory mechanism. The study recommends a change in current institutional and governance arrangements to influence citizen participation strategies at all levels of water service delivery and governance. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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