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Cirrhosis.

Authors
  • Wilson, Rachel1
  • Williams, Donna M2
  • 1 University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 2828 Marshall Court, Suite 100, Madison, WI 53705, USA.
  • 2 Section on General Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Medical clinics of North America
Publication Date
May 01, 2022
Volume
106
Issue
3
Pages
437–446
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.mcna.2021.12.001
PMID: 35491064
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Cirrhosis is a chronic condition resulting from inflammation and fibrosis of the liver. Patients with cirrhosis may have a myriad of physical examination findings that reflect the severity of the underlying liver disease. Although many signs and symptoms related to cirrhosis are nonspecific, such as abdominal pain, nausea, and malaise, some findings are more specific and point to complications of liver disease. In this article, key physical findings in patients with cirrhosis, including hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, jaundice, ascites, encephalopathy, dilated abdominal wall veins, spider nevi, palmar erythema, and others, are discussed. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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