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Cinnamomum cassia Prevents High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity in Mice through the Increase of Muscle Energy.

Authors
  • Song, Mi Young1, 2
  • Kang, Seok Yong3
  • Kang, Anna3, 4
  • Hwang, Ji Hye2
  • Park, Yong-Ki2, 3, 4
  • Jung, Hyo Won2, 3
  • 1 * Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju 38066, South Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 2 † Korean Medicine R&D Center, Dongguk University, Gyeongju 38066, South Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 3 ‡ Department of Herbology, College of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju 38066, South Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 4 § Research Institute of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju 38066, South Korea. , (North Korea)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The American journal of Chinese medicine
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2017
Volume
45
Issue
5
Pages
1017–1031
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1142/S0192415X17500549
PMID: 28659036
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The cortex of Cinnamomum cassia Presl (Cinnamomi Cortex: CC) has commonly been used for weight control in traditional medicines, but without a scientific basis. Therefore, this study was undertaken to investigate the anti-obesity effect of CC extract in a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mouse model and in C2C12 mouse skeletal muscle cells. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a normal diet or a HFD for 16 consecutive weeks, and orally administered CC extract (100 or 300[Formula: see text]mg/kg) or metformin (250[Formula: see text]mg/kg; positive control) daily for 16 weeks. CC extract administration significantly decreased body weights, food intakes, and serum levels of glucose, insulin, total cholesterol and ALT levels, prevented oral glucose tolerance and insulin resistance, inhibited the protein expressions of MyHC and PGC1[Formula: see text] and the phosphorylation of AMPK, suppressed lipid accumulation in liver, decreased adipocyte size and increased muscle mass in obese mice. For this in vitro study, C2C12 myoblasts were differentiated into the myotubes for five days, and then treated with CC extract (0.1 or 0.2[Formula: see text]mg/ml) for 24[Formula: see text]h. CC extract significantly increased ATP levels by increasing the mRNA expressions of mitochondrial biogenesis-related factors, such as, PGC1[Formula: see text], NRF-1, and Tfam, and the phosphorylations of AMPK and ACC. Our results suggest CC extract controls weight gain in obese mice by inhibiting lipid accumulation and increasing energy expenditure, and that its action mechanism involves the up-regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle cells.

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