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Chrysidid wasps (Hymenoptera, Chrysididae)—Parasites of eumenine wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae: Eumeninae) in Crimea

Authors
  • Martynova, K. V.1
  • Fateryga, A. V.2
  • 1 Donetsk National University, Vinnitsa, Ukraine , Vinnitsa (Ukraine)
  • 2 Karadag Nature Reserve, Feodosiya, Russia , Feodosiya (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Entomological Review
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Publication Date
Jul 15, 2015
Volume
95
Issue
4
Pages
472–485
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1134/S0013873815040090
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Chrysidid wasps can be considered the most abundant and sometimes the most important enemies of eumenine wasps. We investigated the nesting biology of 36 species of Eumeninae in Crimea (47% of the Crimean fauna) in 2002–2013. As a result we found 15 species of chrysidid wasps (Chrysis cylindrica, Ch. rutilans, Ch. splendidula, Ch. graelsii, Ch. valesiana, Ch. brevitarsis, Ch. ignita, Ch. impressa, Ch. longula, Ch. pseudobrevitarsis, Ch. ruddii, Ch. sexdentata, Ch. ambigua, Ch. taczanovskii, and Stilbum calens) associated with 16 species of hosts of the subfamily Eumeninae. Thus, 13 new host-parasite associations were discovered and 8 previously known ones were confirmed by direct rearing of chrysidids from the nests of eumenine wasps. The data on the host of Chrysis ambigua were obtained for the first time, and the species itself was recorded for Eastern Europe for the first time. Most of the revealed chrysidid wasps develop as inquilines in the nests of eumenines. The reports by early authors of bees as hosts of these chrysidid species are disputable. At least one of the species reared, Stilbum calens, developed as an orthoparasite in the nests of eumenine wasps.

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