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Chronic voluntary nicotine drinking enhances nicotine palatability in rats.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Behavioral neuroscience
Publication Date
Volume
103
Issue
2
Pages
356–364
Identifiers
PMID: 2706079
Source
Medline

Abstract

The response of rats to nicotine solutions was examined with the brief-exposure, taste reactivity test and a two-bottle, 24-hr preference test. In Experiment 1, naive nondeprived rats were administered intraoral infusions (0.8 ml infused during 1 min) of distilled water and 1 microgram/ml, 5 micrograms/ml, 10 micrograms/ml, 25 micrograms/ml, 50 micrograms/ml, and 100 micrograms/ml nicotine. The oral motor, taste reactivity (TR) responses of the rats were recorded during the infusion. Nicotine solutions up to a concentration of 50 micrograms/ml elicited a number of ingestive TR responses similar to that by water. Ingestive responses significantly decreased and aversive TR responses significantly increased in response to 100 micrograms/ml nicotine. On the basis of these results, two-bottle preferences for water versus 1 microgram/ml, 5 micrograms/ml, and 0 microgram/ml (water control group) nicotine were measured in three groups of naive rats. Rats initially showed an equal preference for 0 microgram/ml and 1 microgram/ml nicotine. After 16 days of exposure, however, rats developed a significant preference for 1 microgram/ml nicotine. The preference ratio for 5 micrograms/ml nicotine significantly increased during the experiment, but the preference ratio remained significantly less than that for 1 microgram/ml and 0 microgram/ml nicotine solutions. Last, TR responses elicited by intraoral infusions of 1 microgram/ml and 5 micrograms/ml nicotine were then measured in these rats having had the two-bottle experience. Rats showing a two-bottle preference for the 1 microgram/ml nicotine solution displayed significantly more ingestive TR responses to 1 microgram/ml and 5 micrograms/ml nicotine than did the control rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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